Multi-Tiered System of Support

A Multi-Tier System of Supports (MTSS) is a term used in Kansas to describe how schools go about providing supports for each child in their building to be successful and the processes and tools teachers use to make decisions.
    There are two federal laws that have made a difference in how schools deliver and coordinate services for children. The first is the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA); most recently referred to as the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act. This Act requires that by the year 2014 all of students are to meet the proficiency targets in the areas of reading and math, that schools would have a high graduation rate, and conversely a low dropout rate.
    The second law influencing districts and schools is the 2004 reauthorization of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). IDEA is the federal law that defines special education. The concept of Response to Intervention (RtI) was introduced in the 2004 reauthorization of IDEA and has influenced the way districts identify and serve students with exceptionalities.
    These two laws, when taken together, support the beliefs and practices behind Kansas' Multi-Tier System of Supports.
The Goal of MTSS
    The main goal of MTSS is for schools to use their resources in ways that enables every child to be successful. This is accomplished by:
        * Being prevention oriented: knowing who needs support as early as possible each year and putting those supports in place
        * Implementing evidence-based interventions for all students and tailoring interventions based on studentís needs
        * Using progress monitoring data to know when to make a change in instruction
    KSDE Resource Matrix
    ILP User's Manual